Tropheus is a small genus of six species of cichlids endemic to lake Tanganyika in east Africa. The genus Tropheus is widespread across all regions of lake Tanganyika, from Burundi in the north to Zambia in the south.Males and females are relatively similar but do display obvious sexual dimorphism. Males attain a somewhat larger size. All species maternally mouthbrood their eggs and fry and it is this characteristic that provides their latin name. Tropheus comes from the Greek "trophos" which means "to nurture". The genus is fished lightly by the local population but has never become a staple food fish due to its relatively small size and its habitat which enables it to dart between rocks when threatened.